While the scammers responsible for monetizing the Target breach appear to have had little trouble with falsifying stolen cards, the process by which banks obtain legitimate replacement cards for their customers isn`t always as fast. This clause is also referred to as the „Hold Harmless“ provision. The blocking clause is not an absolute protection against claim or liability. Charisse Castagnoli, an associate professor of law at John Marshall Law School, said banks have a fiduciary duty to their customers to respond in good faith to their requests and, as such, they tend to be very nervous legally when working with another bank to cancel payment orders from one of their own clients. The „harmless maintenance“ agreement is normally requested by the bank that received a fraudulent transfer, Mr. Castagnoli, and it requires that the responding bank assumes all responsibility for the fees that the requesting bank may bear at a later date if the account holder who received the fraudulent transfer decides to dispute the refund of the payment. Last week`s story about falling prices for credit and debit card data stolen by Target pointed to several reasons why many banks may not have already handed over all their cards affected by the breach. But he omitted another important reason: a huge backlog of orders from companies that manufacture credit and debit cards on behalf of financial institutions. As a general rule, the person you choose as a witness to a document should not have a financial or other interest in an agreement. A third neutral is the best choice. A neutral third party is someone who is not related to either party and does not benefit from the contract.
Ideally, a witness observes the party or parties signing the document, and the witness will sign the document as proof that they witnessed the signing by the parties. The witness is generally not required to know or understand the full content of the document. Also note that, depending on your jurisdiction, some documents, such as a will, may have clearly defined requirements regarding the number of witnesses and the nature of the relationship between the parties and the witness. In your jurisdiction, witnesses must be of legal age and mentally capable. This usually means someone who is mentally able to manage their own property and make their own decisions. You should speak to a local lawyer or check the local statutes if you have any questions regarding the execution of your document. I`ve written about more than 80 organizations that have been victims of cyberheists, and almost all of these violations have given rise to some recurring topics. First, a large proportion of victims` organizations are engaged in banking activities with small institutions. Second, virtually all Money Mules – willing or ignorant people recruited to launder stolen funds – used accounts at the five largest US banks. Companies that offer high-risk activities such as skydiving usually use a blocking clause. While this is not an absolute protection of liability, it indicates that the client has identified certain risks and agreed to take them. This harmless clause can take the form of a letter.
The credit union in question issues visa-branded cards to its customers, but the real physical cards are made by Fiserv, a Brookfield, Wisc. Financial services company that also manages online banking portals for a large number of small to medium-sized financial institutions at the federal level….