The defendant has 28 days to submit his response after receiving a copy of the complaint against separation without dissolution of the body. The answer is necessary if the spouse wishes to contest the legal separation. If the defendant wishes to obtain separation without dissolution of the body, he may, with the answer, file a counterclaim. However, when the defendant files a response to the legal separation, the court considers the separation without dissolution of the body as a controversial case and initiates one or more preliminary hearings/proceedings. Preliminary testing helps determine problems that cannot be resolved. It also defines the measures to be taken during the transition period. A separation without a break in body is an agreement that allows married couples to live separately, but is bound by marriage vows. The Tribunal shall also determine the distribution of parental rights and obligations. . . . .